What is Biodiversity?

Biodiversity is the whole variety of life on Earth – all species of plants and animals, their genetic variation and the complex ecosystems of which they are a part.  It includes the commonest to the critically endangered, ranging from vast tropical rainforests and warm seas that are teeming with life to deserts and arctic tundra where conditions are harsh and only a small number of plants and animals survive.

1.9 million species of plants, animals and microbes are currently known about but new species are constantly being discovered across the world – scientists believe there may be five to 30 million species in existence!

Biodiversity is everywhere, from the smallest insect to the tallest tree, it includes us and its survival will greatly depend on our ability to understand, appreciate, and make space for it.

Black poplar, black grouse and coral - examples of biodiversity


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